Introduction to Robotics

Any Autonomous Robot comprises of taking after key parts.

Parts of a Robot

Robots come in numerous shapes and sizes. The modern robots represented in below picture look like a transformed human arm mounted on a base. Robots comprise of various parts, Below Picture, that cooperate: the controller, the controller, an end effector, a force supply, and a methods for programming.

Reis Machines, Inc.

This robot has been composed explicitly for utilization in exact way situated assignments, for example, deburring, processing, sanding, sticking, holding, cutting, and get together. (Reis Machines, Inc.)

Industrial Robots

This robot outlines the frameworks of a common mechanical robot. This electric robot can be utilized as a part of a mixed bag of mechanical applications. (ABB Robotics)

The connections among the five real frameworks that make up a modern robot are demonstrated in this outline.

Robot Controller Outline


The controller is the piece of a robot that arranges all developments of  the mechanical framework. It additionally gets data from the prompt environment through different sensors. The heart of the robot’s controller is for the most part a chip connected to info/yield and checking gadgets. The orders issued by the controller enact the movement control system, comprising of different controllers, enhancers, and actuators. An actuator is an engine or valve that changes over force into robot development. This development is started by a progression of guidelines, called a project, put away in the controller’s memory.

The controller has three levels of progressive control. Various leveled control allocates levels of association to the controllers inside of a mechanical framework. Each level sends control signs to the level beneath and input signs to the level  above. The levels turn out to be more natural as they advance toward the actuator. Every level is reliant on the level above it for directions.

Power Controller


The controller comprises of fragments that may be jointed and that move about, permitting the robot to do work. The controller is the arm of the robot  which must move materials, parts, instruments, or uncommon gadgets through different movements to give valuable work.
A controller can be recognized by technique for control, force source, activation
of the joints, and different components. These elements help distinguish the best sort of robot for the current workload. For instance, you would not utilize an electric robot in a domain where burnable exhaust exist and a flash could cause a blast.
The controller is comprised of a progression of fragments and joints much like those found in the human arm. Joints associate two fragments together what’s more, permit them to move in respect to each other. The joints give either direct (straight line) or rotating (round) development.

Rotary Joints

The muscles of the human body supply the main thrust that moves the different body joints. So also, a robot utilizes actuators to move its arm along  modified ways and afterward to hold its joints inflexible once the right position  is come to. There are two essential sorts of movement gave by actuators: straight  what’s more, rotating, Direct actuators give movement along a straight line; they amplify or withdraw their appended burdens. Revolving actuators give revolution, moving their heaps in a curve or circle. Rotational movement can be changed over into straight movement utilizing a lead screw or other mechanical method for change.

These sorts of actuators are additionally utilized outside the robot to move workpieces also, give different sorts of movement inside of the work envelope.

 Robot Chassis

Incorporates wheeled or any kind of frame with all the vital actuators fitted on the case to accomplish craved objective. We for the most part utilize DC equipped engines as actuators.


Electronics is the essential part on Robotics. These are  like our Human Body parts. It includes Power Circuits, Sensors, Motion controllers etc..